How old is Bangalore?

In an earlier article, we read about an inscription dating back to the 9th century which had a reference to the “Bangalore/Bengaluru” name:
http://guruprasad.net/posts/how-bangalore-got-its-name/

But how old is Bangalore? Was it just a small village or a tribal area or a civilized & sophisticated town? Lets find out what archaeologists have to say.

Just a few years ago, an ancient Kalyani (pond) was excavated at Ulsoor. Archaeologists claim that it might be around 1,200 year old and legend has it that the pond belonged to the ancient Someshwara temple.

bangalore_1200_year_old_kalyaniIn 2001, archaeologists discovered 2,000 year ruins of Buddhist structures including a large prayer hall and 200 small “stupas” along with several types of ancient relics related to Buddhism.

buddhist_ruins_bangaloreIn 1965, when a new runway was being built at Bangalore airport, construction workers had uncovered hundreds of silver coins of Augustus Caesar which were 2,000 years old. It was not just an isolated event because even in 1908 & 1891, hundreds of such coins were uncovered in Bangalore which suggests that there might have been some trade links between Roman Empire & Bangalore.

bangalore_coins

A 1904 journal by a British scholar gives more details about Roman coins unearthed in Bangalore and other cities in India:
http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Journals/RAsiaSoc/1904/October/Roman_Coins_Found_in_India*.html

In 1910, a British engineer had excavated ancient iron age tombs at the lake bund of Bellandur lake (near old Airport) and found pottery utensils which were 2,500 years old. In 1915, Mysore State Archaeology Dept also found similar tombs near Bellandur and found similar objects like pottery utensils which were also around 2,500 years old.

bellanduru_antiquity

Burial sites dating back to 1,000 BC were discovered at Koramangala & Chikkajala which suggests that civilization existed here even 3,000 years ago.

The icing on the cake is the finding by Directorate of Census Operations which discovered stone implements at Jalahalli, Sudasandra, Siddhapura, and Jadigenahalli dating back to 4,000 BC!!

Hence, based on archaeological evidences, we can form the following conclusions:

  • Bangalore had human habitation even 6,000 years ago (4,000 BC)
  • Civilization existed in Bangalore even 3,000 years ago (Burial grounds dating back to 1,000 BC)
  • Bangalore had trade links with Romans 2,000 years ago.
  • Buddhism had significant footprint in Bangalore 2,000 years ago.
  • Temples & Kalyanis existed in Bangalore 1,200 years ago.

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